Spasticity occurs when there’s a communication problem between the muscles and the brain or spinal cord
  • In people with multiple sclerosis (MS), the covering of the nerves in the brain and spinal cord that control movement are damaged
Spasticity causes a tightness or stiffness in the muscles and can prevent normal movement
  • Typically occurs in the legs, groin, and buttocks
  • Some people experience spasticity in their back
  • It can also affect the arms, hands, and even speech
Managing Spasticity
Managing spasticity
Exercise: Helps maintain range of motion and prevent muscles from contracting. You can work with physical and/or occupational therapists
  • Muscle relaxants (eg, baclofen)
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Alpha-2 adrenergic agonists
  • Botulinum toxins
Orthotic devices: Braces and splints can prevent spasms and reduce muscle tightening
Relaxation techniques: Progressive muscle relaxation, yoga, meditation, and deep breathing
Massage: Relaxes muscles, expands range of motion, and prevents pressure sores
The symptoms of spasticity
Muscle stiffness
Muscle spasms
Involuntary contractions
Involuntary contractions
Muscle fatigue
Muscle fatigue
Muscle and joint deformities
Muscle and joint deformities
Difficulty walking, sitting, and/or sleeping
Difficulty walking, sitting, and/or sleeping
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